San Lorenzo, district that gained its name form the San Lorenzo Door ( the current Porta Tiburtina, form where you can reach the Esquilino District ) or, more probably, from the Basilica di San Lorenzo Fuori le Mura, is defined by the Mura Aureliane (Aurelio's Wall), by the Tiburtina Way and by the Verano, the famous and monumental cemetary of the city. In this quarter of Rome, many hotels offer very good possibilities for your stays.
The district has been built between 1884 and 1888 and it's aways been inhabited by factory workers and craftsman who went to Rome to take advantage of the urban development of the city: houses still reflect, in many cases, their popular nature.
Only in 1909 an urban development plan tried to bring back order in the quarter that, however, developed outside the city walls, and was isolated both physically and socially by the rest of the City, nearly becoming a town aside.
Composed almost only by "low rank" citizens, San Lorenzo is the only district of Rome that tried to stop the March on Rome ( and, because of that, suffered form a Cesare Balbo ride out ).
After that, during the Second World War, this was the quarter that suffered a bloody bombing because of the goods railway yard ( but there were also other districts with goods yards, such as Tiburtino, Prenestino, Casilino, Tuscolano and Labicano ) and the water tanks of the main aqueducts.
In the post-war period, San Lorenzo continues to be a popular district. Nowadays, San Lorenzo is a quarter "in ferment", in a permanent evolution, attended by students of the near University: pubs, beer-houses, restaurants and cultural associations are hiding and changing little by little the popular features of the quarter, that is now inhabited mainly by students, artists, intellectual and directors. Near to the quarter, in fact, rises the University La Sapienza, the biggest athenaeum of Europe: founded by the Pope Bonifacio VIII in 1303, it is one of the older university in Italy.
Nowadays count upon twentyone colleges, more than one hundred departments, institutes and postgraduates schools, twentyone museums and one hundred and fifty libraries; to the University belong also many buildings ( more than one hundred ) amongst which the Policlinico Umberto I.
Many hotels in San Lorenzo in Rome will allow everyone to enjoy the bauty spots of the district: the Basilica di San Lorenzo Fuori le Mura, the Porta Tiburtina, the Cimitero del Verano, the church of Santa Maria Immacolata, the Villa Mercede and the Villa Gentile, the Città Universitaria ( built by many architects of rationalist view, and opened in 1935 so that also Italy could have its own university centre ) are only a few of the tourist richness of the area.